Главная
Новости
Строительство
Ремонт
Дизайн и интерьер




17.04.2021


17.04.2021


15.04.2021


15.04.2021


14.04.2021





Яндекс.Метрика

Stolidobranchia

07.03.2021

Stolidobranchia (лат.) — отряд оболочников из класса асцидий (Ascidiacea). Отряд включает как колониальных, так и одиночных животных. Представители отряда отличаются от других асцидий наличием складчатых глоточных мешков.

Название

Название отряда Stolidobranchia образовано от др.-греч. στολίς, ίδος — «складка» (одежды).

Классификация

Отряд включает три семейства:

  • Molgulidae Lacaze-Duthiers 1877 [syn. Hexacrobylidae Seeliger, 1906; Caesiridae]
    • Anomopera Hartmeyer, 1923
    • Asajirus Kott, 1989 [syn. Hexadactylus Monniot & Monniot, 1990]
    • Bostrichobranchus Traustedt, 1883
    • Eugyra Alder & Hancock, 1870 [syn. Eugyrioides Seeliger, 1907]
    • Fungulus Herdman, 1882
    • Gamaster Pizon, 1896
    • Minipera Monniot & Monniot, 1974
    • Molgula Forbes, 1848 [syn. Anurella Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877; Ascopera Herdman, 1881; Astropera Pizon, 1898; Caesira Flemming, 1822; Ctenicella Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877; Cystingia MacLeay, 1825; Eugyriopsis Roule, 1885; Euritteria Huntsman, 1922; Gymnocystis Giard, 1872; Lithonephria Giard, 1872; Lithonephrya Giard, 1872; Meristocarpus Pizon, 1899; Molgulidium Seeliger, 1907; Molgulina Hartmeyer, 1914; Syphonotethis Gervais, 1840; Xenomolgula Ärnbäck, 1931]
    • Molguloides Huntsman, 1922
    • Namiella Monniot & Monniot, 1968
    • Oligotrema Bourne, 1903 [syn. Gasterascidia Monniot & Monniot, 1968; Hexacrobylus Sluiter, 1905; Sorbera Monniot & Monniot, 1974]
    • Paramolgula Traustedt, 1835 [syn. Stomatropa]
    • Pareugyrioides Hartmeyer, 1914
    • Protomolgula Monniot, 1971
    • Rhizomolgula Ritter, 1901
  • Pyuridae Hartmeyer 1908 [syn. Plidaeuridae]
    • Bathypera Michaelsen, 1904 [syn. Halomolgula Ritter, 1907]
    • Bathypyura Monniot & Monniot, 1973
    • Boltenia Savigny, 1816
    • Bolteniopsis Harant, 1927 [syn. Liouvillea Sluiter, 1929]
    • Claudenus Kott, 1998 [syn. Ctenicella Kott, 1972]
    • Cratostigma Monniot & Monniot, 1961
    • Ctenyura Van Name, 1918
    • Culeolus Herdman, 1881
    • Halocynthia Verrill, 1879 [syn. Cynthia Savigny, 1816; Holocynthia Verrill, 1879; Tethyum Bohadsch, 1761]
    • Hartmeyeria Ritter, 1913 [syn. Ectorchis Huntsman, 1922]
    • Hemistyela Millar, 1955
    • Herdmania Lahille, 1888 [syn. Rhabdocynthia Herdman, 1891]
    • Heterostigma Ärnbäck-Christie-Linde, 1924
    • Microcosmus Heller, 1877
    • Paraculeolus Vinogradova, 1970
    • Pyura Molina, 1782 [syn. Cynthiopsis Michaelsen, 1904; Forbesella Lacaze-Duthiers & Delage 1892; Forbesia Lacaze-Duthiers & Delage, 1892; Hyalocynthia Oka, 1930; Paracynthia Ärnbäck, 1938; Podocynthia Oka, 1929; Pyuropsis Michaelsen, 1912]
    • Pyurella Monniot & Monniot, 1973
  • Styelidae Sluiter 1895 [syn. Botryllidae Giard, 1875]
    • Alloeocarpa Michaelsen, 1900
    • Arnbackia Brewin, 1950
    • Asterocarpa Brewin, 1946
    • Bathyoncus Herdman, 1882
    • Bathystyeloides Seeliger, 1907
    • Berillia Brewin, 1952
    • Botryllocarpa Hartmeyer, 1909 [syn. Protobotryllus Pizon, 1908]
    • Botrylloides Milne-Edwards, 1841 [syn. Metrocarpa Ärnbäck-Christie-Linde, 1923; Sarcobotrylloides Drasche 1883]
    • Botryllus Gaertner, 1774 [syn. Alcyonium Pallas, 1766; Myxobotrus Oka, 1931; Parabotryllus Kott, 1975; Polycyclus Lamarck, 1815]
    • Chorizocarpa Michaelsen, 1904
    • Cnemidocarpa Huntsman, 1913 [syn. Azygocarpa Oka, 1932; Ypsilocarpa Ärnbäck, 1922]
    • Dendrodoa MacLeay, 1824 [syn. Styelopsis Traustedt, 1883]
    • Dextrocarpa Millar, 1955
    • Diandrocarpa Van Name, 1902
    • Dicarpa Millar, 1955
    • Distomus Gaertner, 1774 [syn. Psilostyela Sluiter, 1927]
    • Eusynstyela Michaelsen, 1904 [syn. Michaelsenia Van Name, 1902]
    • Gynandrocarpa Michaelsen, 1900
    • Kukenthalia Hartmeyer, 1903
    • Metandrocarpa Michaelsen, 1904 [syn. Okamia Brewin, 1948]
    • Monandrocarpa Michaelsen, 1904 [syn. Monoandrocarpa Kott, 1972]
    • Oculinaria Gray, 1868
    • Oligocarpa Hartmeyer, 1911
    • Pelonaia Forbes & Goodsir, 1841
    • Podostyela Harant & Vernières, 1933
    • Polyandrocarpa Michaelsen, 1904
    • Polycarpa Heller, 1877 [syn. Glandula Stimpson, 1852; Pandocia Fleming, 1822; Paratona Huntsman, 1913; Styeloides]
    • Polyzoa Lesson, 1831 [syn. Chorizocormus Herdman, 1886; Dictyostyela Oka, 1926; Goodsiria Cunningham, 1871; Monobotryllus (Agassiz, 1880)]
    • Protostyela Millar, 1954
    • Psammobotrus Oka, 1932
    • Psammostyela Weinstein, 1961
    • Seriocarpa Diehl, 1969
    • Stolonica Lacaze-Duthiers & Délage, 1892 [syn. Amphicarpa Michaelsen, 1922; Thylacium Alder & Hancock, 1907]
    • Styela Fleming, 1822 [syn. Botryorchis Huntsman, 1911; Clavellinopsis Fewkes, 1889; Goniocarpa Huntsman, 1912; Katatropa Huntsman, 1912; Minostyela Kott, 1969; Molstyela Oka, 1934; Redikorzevia Oka, 1929; Vannamea Oka, 1932]
    • Symplegma Herdman, 1886
    • Syncarpa Redikorzev, 1913
    • Theodorella Michaelsen, 1922
    • Tibitin Monniot, 1983